If you’re paying attention, you may have noticed that the U.S. and China have racked up a lot of olympic medals. They are about head-to-head in the gold-medal count and far ahead of the rest of the pack. But China has about four times the population of the U.S., which has five times the population of the U.K. So how does it look if you adjust for population? See below for the simple version, or go here for the fancy-pants pro version.
In the first bar plot, countries are ordered from left to right by gold-medal count, which is usually what is shown in medal tables (the numbers in parentheses are still total medals: sorry about the confusion). In the second plot, besides sorting the countries, I have left out those that have earned only one medal.